Our product range includes 7 blends.
At C.I.D.A. SRL in fact, we don’t just select the quantities of Arabica and Robusta,
but also the quality of the coffee starting from the origin of the bean.
However, it is important to make a brief introduction on the two qualities of coffeeto better explain to the customer the differences between one blend and another and their result in the cup.
The Coffea Arabica bean is considered the more valuable of the two and the beginning of its cultivation precedes the other variety of the same plant by a few centuries.
The plant originating from the ancient province of Kefa (from which coffee takes its name), southwest of Ethiopia, began to be cultivated in the 15th century in the monasteries of Yemen, to be imported to Europe and the Americas in the 18th century due to the large increase in consumption of this drink.
Arabica is a delicate plant that looks like a small tree about ten meters high with oblong, dark green leaves. As mentioned, it is original from Ethiopia but its presence is currently widespread in all shaded tropical regions between 900 and 2.200 meters above sea level, with temperatures below 20 ° C.
The flowers are white arranged in bunches at the attachment of the leaves, while the fruits are rounded oblong drupes that contain two seeds that reach a bright red color when ripe. Due to their delicacy, Arabica coffee beans must be processed more carefully even during the roasting phase, using lower temperatures and very precise timing.
The Robusta variety of Coffea Canephora had greater resistance to disease and higher productivity than other varieties of the same plant, and that is why it remained the only one to be cultivated after the twentieth century.
Today, in fact, the Coffea Canephorais commercially called the Robusta coffee variety, and is one of the most important species of the Coffea genus for humans.
Native to West Africa, the small evergreen plant is now grown in almost all the countries of the intertropical belt.
It grows at an altitude ranging from sea level up to 900 meters, easily withstands thermal shocks, diseases and attacks by parasites, hence its name “robusta”. The ideal temperature for cultivation is 24-30 ° C.
The flowers are white and are collected in groups of 3-7 specimens at the attachment of the leaves, while the fruits are red drupes (“called cherries”) and have an elongated shape.
Inside are two seeds. The grains of this species are smaller than the Arabica species (length: 5-8 mm), rounded with a straight furrow and brown in color.